Plagiarism Screening

Manuscripts submitted to this journal will undergo a thorough plagiarism check using the CrossCheck/iThenticate plagiarism detection tool. We have strict policies against any form of plagiarism or self-plagiarism, and such papers will be rejected immediately. Before submitting an article to reviewers, members of the editorial team will check each submission for similarity or plagiarism. For papers submitted to us, the acceptable similarity rate is less than 25%.

Plagiarism is the act of using someone else's ideas or words without appropriate permission, appreciation, or acknowledgment, or not citing the source appropriately. Plagiarism can manifest in many forms, from directly copying someone else's work verbatim to rearranging the work without giving due credit. To accurately identify examples of plagiarism, we will focus on the following potential scenarios:

  1. Precise Copying: This involves copying another author's work, either wholly or partially, word for word, without obtaining permission, acknowledging, or citing the original source. This practice can be identified by comparing the original source with the suspected manuscript or work.
  2. Substantial Copying: Substantial copying means reproducing a large portion of another author's work without proper permission, acknowledgment, or citation. The term "substantial" refers to the quantity and quality of copied content, taking into account its relative value in the context of the overall work.
  3. Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing involves taking an idea, word, or phrase from a source and reassembling it into a new sentence in writing. When an author fails to properly cite or acknowledge the original source, this practice becomes unethical and difficult to detect.

We are committed to upholding the highest standards of academic integrity and ethical publishing. Authors are expected to ensure that their submissions are free from any form of plagiarism and adhere to correct citation practices.