Publication Ethics

This statement describes the ethical behavior expected of all parties involved in the process of publishing articles in our journal, which include authors, editors, peer-reviewers, and publishers. This ethical code is rooted in the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

1. Journal Publication Ethics Guidelines

The publication of articles in peer-reviewed journals plays an important role in building a cohesive and reputable knowledge network. This directly reflects the quality of the author's work and its supporting institutions. Peer-reviewed articles uphold and embody the scientific method. Therefore, it is imperative to establish ethical standards for all stakeholders involved in the publication process, including authors, journal editors, peer reviewers, publishers, and the public at large.

2. Publication Decision

Journal editors bear the responsibility of determining which articles should be published. This decision should always be guided by validation of the integrity of the work and its significance to the research community. The editors can abide by the policies of the journal's editorial board and comply with legal requirements, such as defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. They can consult with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

3. Fair play

Editors are required to evaluate manuscripts based on their intellectual content without discrimination based on the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.

4. Concealment

Editors and editorial staff are bound to maintain the confidentiality of all submitted manuscripts, disclosing such information only to related authors, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors, and publishers, if necessary.

5. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Editors may not use unpublished material from submitted manuscripts in their own research without clear written permission from the author.

6. Reviewer Duties

  • Contribution to Editorial Decisions : Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and can also help authors refine their papers through editorial communication.
  • Speed : Reviewers should immediately notify editors if they feel unqualified to review the manuscript or anticipate difficulties in reviewing it in a timely manner.
  • Confidentiality : Reviewers should treat manuscripts accepted for review as confidential documents and not share them or discuss them with unauthorized persons.
  • Standard of Objectivity : The review should be conducted objectively, avoiding personal criticism of the author. The referee must present his views with clear and supported arguments.
  • Source Acknowledgment : Reviewers should identify relevant published works that are not cited by the author and highlight substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and other known works.
  • Disclosure and Conflict of Interest : Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of privileged information obtained through the peer review process and should not consider manuscripts that have conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the paper.

7. Author Duties

  • Reporting Standards : Authors of original research reports must provide an accurate description of their research results, present the underlying data accurately, and provide sufficient details and references to allow replication. False or inaccurate statements are unethical.
  • Data Access and Retention : Authors should provide raw data for editorial review and be prepared to offer public access to such data, where possible, and retain such data for a reasonable period of time after publication.
  • Originality and Plagiarism : Authors must ensure that their work is completely original or properly cited if they use someone else's work or words.
  • Multiple, Exaggerated, or Concurrent Publications : Authors should not publish substantially similar research in more than one major journal or publication simultaneously, as such is unethical behavior.
  • Source Acknowledgment : Proper credit should be given to the work of others, and authors should cite influential publications.
  • Paper Writing : Authorship should be limited to those who make significant contributions, with appropriate recognition for others involved in the research. Correspondent authors must ensure all co-authors approve the final version for publication.
  • Human or Animal Hazards and Subjects : The author must clearly identify unusual hazards in his work.
  • Disclosure and Conflict of Interest : Authors must disclose financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may affect the outcome or interpretation of their manuscript, as well as the source of financial support for the project.
  • Fundamental Errors in Published Work : Authors should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher if they find significant errors or inaccuracies in their published work and cooperate in retracting or correcting the paper.